Maternal and birthing parent health is a complex issue that includes pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. It encompasses both physical and mental health, and the health of both mother and child are intricately connected. The long medical and social history of child birth is fraught with sexism, and gender and racial inequities. It's also important to note that not everyone who gives birth is a woman. Transgender men and non-binary individuals also give birth and parent. Complicating this further are racial and ethnic disparities in perinatal care.
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