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UNIV 2001 (Karrer): Cross Cultural Perspectives


This is the course guide designed to help Prof. Karrer's UNIV 2001 students. Please don't hesitate to reach out to your librarian(s) if you have any questions!

Your Librarian: Brooke Duffy

2/8/2024: Visit to Computer Lab to discuss media literacy and critical reading techniques

Today we will: 

  • discuss and define different types of information

  • evaluate web-based information and media sources

Information and media literacies

There are a number of different definitions of information literacy and media literacy, and some combined definitions. Here is one definition:

"Information literacy is the ability to think critically and make balanced judgements about any information we find and use. It empowers us as citizens to developed informed views and to engage fully with society." (Secker, 2018)

Here are some questions to think about:

"Judge the credibility of a media message by answering 3 basic questions:

1. Who is the author?
2. What's the purpose of this message?
3. How was this message constructed?" (Hobbs, 2011, p. 16)

Misinformation and Disinformation defined

How do algorithms impact information?

"Algorithms are step-by-step instructions that computers follow to complete tasks, solve problems, and make automated decisions. They use data to make predictions about people, including their preferences, attributes, and behaviors. Algorithms power nearly everything we see online, including search engines, social media, video games, online dating, and smartphone apps. They are used to shape and filter content on the platforms many of us interact with daily, such as Google, YouTube, Instagram, Netflix, Facebook, Amazon, Twitter, and Spotify. For example, algorithms determine which websites you see first in your Google search results, which posts you see on Facebook, and which videos YouTube “recommends” and autoplays for you." (Butler, W. D., Sargent, A., & Smith, K., 2021, ch. 1)

Algorithms, Bias and Polarization

Tips for Critical Reading

Critical reading

Critical Reading Toolkit

Fact Checking


Butler, W. D., Sargent, A., & Smith, K. (2021). What are algorithms? In Introduction to college research. essay, LibreTexts.

Hobbs, R. (2011). Empowering Learners with Digital and Media Literacy. Knowledge Quest39(5), 12–17.

Secker, J. (2018). The revised CILIP definition of information literacy. Journal of Information Literacy, 12(1), pp. 156-158. doi: 10.11645/12.1.2454

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